Southern Yellow Pine

Southern Yellow Pine

There are many pine species which fit under the title of Southern Yellow Pine. There are at least seven minor species and four major ones. Six of the lesser species are Pitch Pine, Pong Pine, Virginia Pine, Table Mountain Pine, Sand Pine, and Spruce Pine. The seventh is Caribbean Pine, which is considered somewhat special given its similarities to the four most common species. These four are Shortleaf, Slash, Longleaf and Loblolly.

Southern Yellow Pine – 11 Species

These eleven species all share many common features which qualify them to share the Southern Yellow name. One is their very fine and even grain. In fact, their grain is one of the primary attributes which qualifies them as softwoods to begin with; the wood itself is actually fairly tough. Its density and toughness allows easy pressure treatment, and Southern Yellow Pine actually makes up a respectable 85% of the lumber receiving such treatment in the United States alone.

Since the hard, dense wood can be pressure treated and preserved, it is a great candidate for commercial as well as household construction projects. Its coloring is of a rich golden nature which can be seen frequently in American architecture across the southern states. This happens to be where it is grown most frequently as well, with Texas and Virginia housing large populations of the various species.

Southern Yellow Pine Popularity

Southern Yellow Pine is also quite popular outside of the United States, especially in many Asian countries from India and Dubai to Korea, China, and Japan. This is only the tip of the iceberg; the density of the wood, the rich color, the ease of pressure treatment, and the variety of applications for which it can be used have all contributed to Southern Yellow Pine’s prominence in the international lumber trade.