There are at least seven different subspecies of Rosewood Hardwood, which grow in various locations around the world.
Amazon Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Spruceana)
A South American species which tends to grow in Bolivia, Brazil, and Venezuela, Amazon Rosewood ranges in hue from a lighter orange to a ruddy brown. It tends to be streaked with much darker shades as well. This relatively tall tree can be used in the production of pens and knife handles as well as guitars and other unique products.
Brazilian Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Nigra)
Indigenous to regions of Brazil, Brazilian Rosewood (also called Bahia Rosewood) has a very wide range of colorings from a light purple-tinted wood to a deep chocolaty color. Like Amazon Rosewood, it has darker streaks of color which contrast with the main tint. It can be used in the production of veneers, but can also be used to make floors and cabinets as well as guitars and other interesting objects. The tree from which the wood is derived grows up to 130 feet with a 4-foot breadth across the tree’s shaft.
Burmese Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Oliveri)
Located in the forests of Myanmar and other regions in the southeast of Asia, Burmese Rosewood grows to be around one hundred feet tall and three feet in width. Used in furniture and flooring, this wood can also be used to make musical instruments. The wood is generally a lighter golden color and is often very hard. Outside of practical applications, the wood is frequently used for decorative purposes as well.
East Indian Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Latifolia)
Native to Indian as the name suggests, this tree reaches heights of one hundred feel and has a nice range in color, anywhere from a darker purple to a lighter golden hue. All colors tend to be streaked with a darker shade of brown. Used in veneers, furniture, and more unique wooden items, East Indian Rosewood is one of many woods in which the color becomes darker over time and sun exposure. A strong wood, East Indian Rosewood is not easily shaped but ultimately finishes into a decent product with a fine, almost floral scent.
Honduran Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Stevensonii)
Sprouting up to one hundred feet in length with a three-foot diameter, Honduran Rosewood is indigenous to Belize and often sports a dark purple hue, though it can be much lighter in color as well. It is not one of the more commonly available hardwoods, though it is still relatively desirable and is useful in furniture and veneers. It can also be used to make musical instruments such as drums and marimbas.
Madagascar Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Baronii)
Growing around 75 feet tall with a three-foot breadth across, Madagascar Rosewood has several colors, all of which are streaked with bits of dark black. These hues range from a burnt orange or red to a lighter yellow. The graining is similar to that of Brazilian Rosewood, which produces a pattern known as “spider webbing,” appearing true to its name. Used to make cabinets and furniture as well as decorative carvings. Like many rosewood species, Madagascar Rosewood is desirable in musical instruments.
Yucatan Rosewood Hardwood (Dalbergia Yucatensis)
Located predominantly in South America as well as Central America, Yucatan Rosewood is fairly easy to come by for an imported source of lumber. Used in furniture as well as guitars and percussive instruments, Yucatan Rosewood sees many other applications from wooden dishware to dimensional lumber. Also referred to a Nicaraguan Rosewood or Panama Rosewood, this species tends to be a light, cinnamon-like shade of brown, with shades of heartwood ranging in terms of darkness. Adding to the cinnamon-like appeal is the infrequent appearance of curled and spiraled patterns in the otherwise-uninteresting grain.