Red Oak Hardwood
While Red Oak is its own species, it is also grouped together with nine other species that are differentiated from species in the White Oak group.
Black Oak Hardwood (Quercus Velutina)
Growing to a modest height of around eighty feet, with a diameter of five feet across, this North American tree grows primarily in the eastern states with a slightly red coloring. Other colors, however, can still be found. The wood is mostly used in furniture, floors and cabinets, and can be used to make veneers.
California Black Oak Hardwood (Quercus Kelloggii)
This is similar to the other species of Black Oak, but is more prone toward growth in the western states. It is similarly varied in color, but still has a tendency toward a dark, ruddy brown. Its applications are also more or less the same, seeing use in veneers as well as floors, furniture and cabinets. Both species of Black Oak can be used for interior trimming jobs.
Cherrybark Oak Hardwood (Quercus Pagoda)
Growing in the easternmost states, this species of oak measures an average of one hundred feet high and five feet across. The color is usually a fairly lighter tint of red. Often used in floors and furniture, the wood’s appearance also bears use in interior accents such as trimming and cabinets. The wood is mostly named for its outward appearance, with internal portions of the wood capable of more than simply reddish colors.
Laurel Oak Hardwood (Quercus Laurifolia)
A fairly small tree measuring only eighty feet, Laurel Oak grows in the southeast regions of the United States and hosts a sometimes variable hue of brown and red. It has a relatively straight grain pattern and can be used in indoor furniture and kitchen accents as well as floors and veneers.
Pin Oak Hardwood (Quercus Palustris)
This tree is even shorter than the others, reaching only around 75 feet tall with a width of four feet. It lacks some of the redder tints of the previously mentioned species and is usually a lighter brown color. Its application, however, is pretty much the same in that it can be used in cabinetry as well as groundwork and various types of furnishings. Like most species in the Red Oak group, it can be used in the manufacture of veneers.
Red Oak Hardwood (Quercus Rubra)
The most typical species of Red Oak grows in both the United States and Canada, near the border of each. It has a diameter width of six feet and measures about 115 feet tall. Its shade of red is fairly variable. It can be used for flooring, fencing and furniture as well as construction ties. The tree itself is viewed as attractive and is sometimes grown solely for this reason. It is also logged to produce firewood.
Scarlet Oak Hardwood (Quercus Coccinea)
Around one hundred feet tall, Scarlet Oak grows in the eastern states and is light in both color and reddish tint. Its name mostly comes from the bold red of its foliage. While considered to grow in the easternmost states, its growth stretches as far west as Oklahoma. The wood is softer than many other species in the Red Oak group, and Scarlet Oak is therefore mostly used for ornamental landscaping.
Southern Red Oak Hardwood (Quercus Falcata)
At heights of about one hundred feet and widths of five feet, Southern Red Oak grows mostly in the southeastern regions of North America. Also referred to as Spanish Oak, Southern Red is more of a greyish color than other species in the Red Oak group. Its usage is not particularly unique, primarily used in floors and cabinets as well as some furniture. The wood sometimes sports dark knots, which can be used to a certain aesthetic in some furnishings.
Water Oak Hardwood (Quercus Nigra)
Only growing around eighty feet in height, Water Oak is relatively light in coloration. Growing all across the southeastern states, Water Oak thrives best closest to sea level. The trees start out smooth and dark, but become a dull, rough grey as time wears on. The wood is still used for flooring, furniture and the like, but is most commonly a source for fuel and timber.
Willow Oak Hardwood (Quercus Phellos)
Reaching diameters of around five feet and heights of around one hundred, Willow Oak is indigenous to the eastern regions of the North American continent. Generally growing near streams and other moist areas, Willow Oak is soft enough to be used in pulp but still supportive enough for dimensional lumber. It tends to grow somewhat prolifically due to an ability to thrive in almost any light level, and is therefore produced enough to be used in multiple indoor and outdoor applications from floors and furniture to larger construction projects.