Poplar Hardwood comes in a variety of types, with about four of them specifically worthy of mention.
Balsam Poplar Hardwood (Populus Balsamifera)
Balsam Poplar grows primarily in the northern states as well as Canada. Reaching heights of up to one hundred feet with a 5-foot breadth across, the species is relatively soft which makes it easily used to make pulp. The wood, which often smells like cinnamon, is also used to make lumber which is used in construction.
Rainbow Poplar Hardwood
This is not an actual subspecies, at least not by name. While Rainbow Poplar is generally a reference to Yellow (Tulip) Poplar, this particular classification has been given additional color through natural staining by minerals.
Tulip Poplar Hardwood (Liriodendron Tulipifera)
Growing mostly in the eastern states at heights of 160 feet and widths of eight feet, Tulip Poplar is one of the most common species in its class. The coloring is generally a pale goldenrod or an off-white color, dashed with greyish or greenish streaks. Tulip Poplar is sometimes colored by minerals. This adds a plethora of other tints such as yellow, red, and purple. Despite this, the wood is not valued for its looks so much as its utility in crating and pallets. Even when used to make furniture, the frame is usually dressed in upholstery. Tulip Poplar is relatively soft and can be used in plywood as well as pulp. This species is also commonly referred to as Yellow Poplar.
White Poplar Hardwood (Populus Alba)
Also referred to as Silver Poplar, this wood grows in both Asia and Europe, usually in the central regions of both continents. Somewhat small, only growing up to around eighty feet tall, White Poplar is smooth with an either green or grey tint. The bark is dashed with a diamond pattern which is generally notable. Needing a balance of both bright light and damp moisture to thrive, White Poplar is often grown for its appearance due to its white and green foliage. Meanwhile the wood is used in crates and boxes of lower quality due to the wood’s lack of durability.