There are numerous species of pine lumber, and pine is among the most highly used classifications of wood in general, so it is helpful to know the different forms it takes. Due to its high rate of import and export, the lumber is generally prepared prior to order and not as frequently cut to meet custom requests. With at least eleven different types to choose from, these species offer a wide variety of specifications outside of simple dimensions.
Eastern White Pine (Pinus Strobus)
One of the larger pine species available, Eastern White can be found across the United States and Canada. Located around the Great Lakes and Minnesota as well as Newfoundland and Manitoba, not to mention Georgia and Mississippi, this widely grown pine tree is one of the most versatile in terms of its applications. It has been used in flooring and construction as well as shipbuilding, and even the needles are used medicinally and as a food product due to the fact that they have five times more Vitamin C than lemons do when measured by weight.
Jack Pine (Pinus Banksiana)
Growing near the eastern coasts of North America, primarily in Nova Scotia and the Northwest Territories east of the Rockies, Jack Pine’s color and consistency are the result of its use for pulp. It can also be used for decking purposes, and has been processed in the manufacture of utility poles. Jack Pine also has a decent growth population in the United States such as Maine or Minnesota.
Longleaf Pine (Pinus Palustris)
One of the species known as Southern Yellow Pine, Longleaf Pine has many applications as a lumber and, like with many pine species, pulp production. The state tree of Alabama, Longleaf also grows throughout the coastal plains in the southeastern regions of America. It can be found in certain regions anywhere from Texas to Virginia.
Pitch Pine (Pinus Rigida)
Pitch Pine is a North American species which often sees growth amongst populations of Shortleaf, Loblolly, and Pond Pine. Found anywhere between Maine and Ohio as well as Georgia and Kentucky, Pitch Pine gets its name from a very high concentration of resin which improves its lifespan. It can also be found in Ontario and Quebec, where it is used for railroad ties as well as basic timber, and even in the construction of ships.
Pond Pine (Pinus Serotina)
Growing primarily in the United States on the coast of the Atlantic, Pond Pine can predominantly be found in Florida, Alabama, and New Jersey. Related closely to Pitch Pine, Pond Pine does not have a wide array of commercial uses. This is in part due to the diminished size of the tree itself, which only grows to be about thirty meters tall on average.
Red Pine (Pinus Redinosa)
This North American species grows in both Canada and the United States, from Pennsylvania to Newfoundland and Manitoba. Red Pine has numerous commercial applications such as timber and pulp for paper products. The wood is also sturdy enough to be used for lumber production, while the tree itself is attractive enough to be seen fit for landscapes.
Sand Pine (Pinus Clausa)
Sand Pine grows from a relatively small-sized tree, growing to be around seventy feet tall on average. The foliage is incredibly shrubby, and the wood does not lend itself very well to lumber used in furniture or construction; however, trees found in Florida and Alabama can still be used to make pulp.
Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata)
Shortleaf Pine grows in various locations all throughout the United States, from states such as Texas or northern Florida all the way to the south of New York. Like many pines, Shortleaf is used in pulp production, and also makes a decent plywood veneer. One of many species which is classified as a Southern Yellow Pine, Shortleaf has the biggest growth range compared to other species in that same classification.
Slash Pine (Pinus Elliottii)
Growing largely in the Florida Keys, Louisiana, and South Carolina, Slash Pine is known for its incredibly swift growth rate. Unfortunately, its life span is not quite so high, and it only grows in specific conditions. Such conditions generally involve a great deal of moisture and humidity, which is one of the reasons it thrives so well in Florida as well as Louisiana swamplands. It has a few horticultural uses and is often grown by plantations.
Spruce Pine (Pinus Glabra)
Spruce Pine grows around the coastal plains regions and can be seen in the same states as Slash Pine. Growth populations are not often too dense, but rather dispersed over wide areas in forests and wetlands. Because of these growth patterns, Spruce Pine does not need as much sunlight as some other pine species and is able to grow well in the shade.
Table Mountain Pine (Pinus Pungens)
Also commonly called Hickory Pine, Table Mountain predictably grows in higher altitudes, such as in the Appalachian Mountains. As with Spruce Pine, Table Mountain Pine does not grow in dense populations but rather individually. Its high altitude allows it to be rustled by the wind, which helps to spread its seeds to other areas.