Meranti Hardwood is available in roughly four different subspecies, all of which are named after their colorings.
Dark Red Meranti Hardwood (Shorea Acuminata)
An Asian species of Meranti, this wood is a dark red or purple but is adorned with a whitish resin. The rough texture is combined with an open porousness, and the wood is prime for use in ply or veneer. Dark Red Meranti can be used to make a variety of indoor furniture as well as dimensional lumber and even ships. It comes from tall trees with six-foot diameters, and can be found easily in the Philippines.
Light Red Meranti Hardwood (Shorea Leprosula)
Found often in Singapore and Indonesia, as well as areas about Malaysia, Light Red Meranti is about the same height and width as its Dark Red counterpart. The coloring is similar though, as might be inferred from the name, does not run quite as dark. It has the same streaks of resin, as well as comparable textures and porousness. With similar physical qualities, Light Red Meranti has the same applications in furniture and construction, with Dark Red or Light Red being preferred over one another depending upon desired aesthetic.
White Meranti Hardwood (Shorea Hypochra)
This is one of the taller trees in its class, maintaining a similar diameter to other species but growing up to two hundred feet high. The name is slightly misleading as the wood has a somewhat orange hue but is very, very light. Growing in the southeastern regions of Asia, White Meranti can be used for both plywood and veneers as well as furniture, boats and construction.
Yellow Meranti Hardwood (Shorea Acuminatissima)
Yellow Meranti is hands down the tallest of the four species, with a diameter that is one foot wider than the others and a massive growing height of three hundred feet. The wood maintains a somewhat golden hue, but as the wood grows older the color gets even darker. Yellow Meranti is used more in plywood than veneer, and is primarily applied to indoor furniture as well as dimensional lumber for construction. This large species of tree is found primarily in Malaysia and Indonesia.