There are three primary subspecies of Magnolia Hardwood, namely Cucumber, Southern, and Swamp Magnolia.
Cucumber Magnolia Hardwood (Magnolia Acuminata)
The Cucumber tree grows primarily in the eastern United States, only reaching around eighty feet in height and three feet in width. It is a somewhat grey wood, though can also appear much creamier. With a finely consistent grain, Cucumber Magnolia can be used to make both plywood and veneer, and is great for a number of useful construction purposes. It can also be used to make furniture, though the unattractiveness of the wood necessitates upholstery.
Southern Magnolia Hardwood (Magnolia Grandiflora)
With a straight grain and a somewhat average texture, this wood is more or less the exact same size as Cucumber Magnolia. Even the color is similar, and its applications are more or less exactly the same. It can be used to frame furniture, and the wood provides trim for household interiors. The tree itself can also be used for landscaping due to its appearance. Southern Magnolia, as the name implies, grows predominantly in the southeastern regions of the United States.
Swamp Magnolia Hardwood (Magnolia Virginiana)
Another species which is indigenous to the southeast regions of the United States, this wood is similar to its brethren in terms of coloring, graining, and texturing. Even the tree size is again comparable. While its use is not widespread, it is very common in the American south, and can be used for furniture and utilities as well as plywood and veneers. Swamp Magnolia is less often white and more often grey; therefore, this species is not frequently used in projects that do not showcase its appearance.