There are nine particular types of Ebony Hardwood which are worthy of mention for various reasons.
African Ebony Hardwood (Diospyros Crassiflora)
African Ebony, which is also known as Cameroon, Gaboon, or Nigerian, is a West African species that tends to grow rather small, reaching only two feet in width and sixty feet in length. There is no measurable graining, as the wood is as black as black can be. With incredibly small pores, African Ebony is used in the making of musical instruments (largely black piano keys), decorative carving, and pool cues as well as other specialty and novelty products. Of all available species of hardwoods, African Ebony is among the least cost-effective species of lumber available.
Black and White Ebony Hardwood (Diospyros Malabarica)
A species which is located primarily in the southeastern regions of the Asian continent, this type of hardwood is also referred to as Pale Moon Ebony. Black and White Ebony grows at a rather slow pace, but the wood is incredibly healthy. Not used so much for lumber, the fruit and bark can be used in the dyeing of clothing and the curing of leather.
Brown Ebony Hardwood (Caesalpinia)
Brown Ebony is from another small tree, only fifty feet in stature with a 3-foot diameter. Thriving in the drier areas of South America, Brown Ebony has a fairly irregular grain pattern and a good deal of endurance to its name. The brown color actually has a somewhat reddish tint to it. The wood is somewhat limited in its application, being used primarily for construction.
Ceylon Ebony Hardwood (Diospyros Ebenum)
Growing to about fifty feet tall, the Ceylon Ebony is as black as African Ebony but often has lighter brownish or greyish streaking. It is not too readily available for supply and demand, but luckily is not used much in construction. Ceylon Ebony is more likely to be used for special purposes such as musical instruments or carved decorations.
Macassar Ebony Hardwood (Diospyros Celebica)
Not exactly the tallest of trees, Macassar Ebony grows to around 65 feet high with a foot-and-a-half diameter. It has a very unique look with a striped grain pattern and smooth texture. It can be used to make veneers as well as pool cues and musical instruments. It is also used for some types of smaller furniture such as kitchen cabinets. It is not particularly common or cost-effective.
Texas Ebony Hardwood (Ebenopsis Ebano)
The name accurately suggests the common location for this wood, which is grown mostly in Mexico and the south of Texas. This tree is even smaller than other ebonies, reaching around thirty feet high and three wide. The color ranges from a deep red to more of a purple shade, as well as almost entirely black. With wild graining and a high lustrous quality, Texas Ebony is used for smaller special projects such as small furniture and tool handles.
White Ebony Hardwood (Diospyros Virginiana)
White Ebony is also commonly referred to as Persimmon and grows predominantly in the eastern states. Reaching only around eighty feet tall, this two-foot-wide species of hardwood is more yellow than white but is generally paler than more golden forms of lumber. The wood also becomes darker over time and exposure, so it does not stay “white” forever. Applied frequently to veneers, white ebony can also be used to make more unique items like sporting equipment (such as golf clubs).