Of the multitudinous species of Chestnut Hardwood, there are three major ones which are used in the production of lumber and wood products, specifically furniture for which it is particularly desirable. Aside from these three, there is also Wormy Chestnut, which is to be avoided.
American Chestnut Hardwood (Castanea Dentata)
Coming from trees reach can reach over one hundred feet in height, not to mention a very wide 7-foot measurement across, this wood comes largely from the eastern regions of the United States. This hard and finely grained wood is incredibly easy to work with, giving it a wide array of uses such as plywood and pulp, furniture, flooring, fencing, and rooftop shingles. Even the nuts are useful, often roasted as a delicacy.
Horse Chestnut Hardwood (Aesculus Hippocastanum)
Horse Chestnut is confined to certain regions in Europe. Often used in veneers and plywood, the lumber has a hue which ranges from golden to off-white, and comes from trees around one hundred feet tall and three feet wide. With a wavier grain than American Chestnut, Horse Chestnut is often used to make furniture as well as interior household accents.
Sweet Chestnut Hardwood (Castanea Sativa)
Also referred to as European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut also grows in some parts of Asia. The wood darkens and becomes redder as the wood gets older, and the uneven grain sometimes grows in a spiraling pattern. This wood is noted for its porous qualities and its endurance. Sweet Chestnut can be used in veneers as well as carved decorations and sturdy indoor furniture. Sweet Chestnut trees spring to around 120 feet in stature with 7-foot diameters, the same measurements as American Chestnut.
Wormy Chestnut Hardwood
This is not an actual species itself, but more of a reference to the blight that took out numerous chestnut trees near the beginning of the twentieth century. Many trees were infested and discolored by the blight, which was caused by insects that bored holes into the wood.