One of the most attractive forms of hardwood available, Cherry Hardwood has many uses, especially concerning decorative needs. There are five key species which are used for flooring and furniture as well as kitchen applications such as cabinets.
Black Cherry Hardwood (Prunus Serotina)
One of the more common species, referred to often as American Cherry, Black Cherry is indigenous to eastern locations in North America. Sunlight has a large effect on its coloring, with more sun-exposed samples sporting a golden hue while other samples are of a pinker shade complimentary of the species’ name. The trees themselves range vastly in size, anywhere from fifty feet to one hundred, with wide trunks that reach up to five feet across. The smooth texture and graining make Black Cherry favorable for many types of work, from novelty products to more standard applications such as cabinets, floors, and luxurious furniture. Black Cherry can also be easily treated to make veneers.
African Cherry Hardwood (Tieghemella Africana)
There are actually two types of African Cherry, the other being Tieghemella Heckelii, but both are grown in Africa. Usually grown in central or western regions such as Gabon or Sierra Leone, these trees are quite large with 6-foot diameters and 200-foot statures. The grain is much wavier than American Cherry, but the coloring is a comparable pinkish hue or darker red. The graining has a large effect on price, as there is some variation between different samples of the species, though both types sport a very smooth texture. Used not only for veneers but also for plywood, lumber can be made into flooring and cabinets as well as indoor furniture. More unique applications include fine musical instruments as well as boats.
Brazilian Cherry Hardwood (Hymenea Courbaril)
Also called Jatoba, Brazilian Cherry is a South American species which grows commonly in Brazil, Mexico, the West Indies, and other locations around Central and South America. One hundred feet tall and four feet wide, these trees come in more colors than some other species. Colors range from a dark red, typical of such woods, to a lighter orange hue. Like some other woods, these colors will darken as the wood becomes older and more exposed to light. The texture of Brazilian Cherry is rougher than American or African, and the wood is much more porous. Nonetheless, it can still be used for floors and cabinets as well as some furniture. It also has more practical applications such as tools and railroad ties. Like African Cherry, it can also be used in the manufacture of seafaring vessels.
Patagonian Cherry Hardwood (Guibourtia Hymenaeifolia)
Sometimes referred to as Tiete Rosewood, Patagonian Cherry is another South American species. The trees are much taller than those used in Brazilian Cherry lumber, with 6-foot diameters and heights reaching 165 feet. While the wood still darkens with age, it does not take on such a golden hue as other darkening wood species. Generally, Patagonian Cherry lumber is either pink or orange. The texture is somewhat fine, while the pores are not too large. Patagonian Cherry is not used for quite as many purposes, generally used to make floors and maybe some assorted specialty products.
Wild Cherry Hardwood (Prunus Avium)
Sometimes called European Cherry, this wood grows in European and Asian locations, which also comprise the general areas in which the wood is used. The trees are much smaller than other species in this category, staying around 65 feet high with small, 2-foot diameters. Although age and sun exposure result in a deep golden color, the wood is usually very light and pink when first processed. Wild Cherry is predominantly made into veneers, though small sizes of dimensional lumber can be used to make cabinets. Also used for indoor furniture, Wild Cherry’s color is a factor in its occasional use for wooden carvings as well as musical instruments.