Beech Hardwood

Beech Hardwood

Like many hardwoods, Beech Hardwood comes in multiple species. The primary species to be considered are American Beech  and European Beech. They have some similarities in that they are used in the manufacture of veneers and are reasonably priced when juxtaposed with other hardwood species. As the species names imply, they are grown mostly in Europe and North America, even though they are both used quite a bit in Asia.

American Beech Hardwood (Fagus Grandifolia)

Lumber from these trees is generally used in flooring, crating, and furniture. The wood can also be used for instruments such as guitars and glockenspiels. The creamy color of the wood sometimes carries a pinkish tint to it, though this is darkened quite a bit when steamed in preparation for veneer production. Such treatment also makes the hue notably more golden. With consistent graining and relatively closed pores, this wood comes from trees which are usually found in the eastern regions of America. The trees themselves grow an average of 100 to 130 feet, with a diameter between 3 and 5 feet, providing a decent volume of lumber per tree.

European Beech Hardwood (Fagus Sylvatica)

This tree grows to around the same heights as American Beech, though the diameter is more consistently measured to about five feet. The coloring is also very similar to that of American Beech, with shades of pink complimenting the creamy color of the wood, though a darker golden color arises in veneer preparation. The graining is similarly straight and even, though the texture is ranged a bit more from medium to fine. There is some difference in terms of use. While still used for floors, furniture, and musical instruments, there is more dimensional lumber produced. European Beech is still used in the production of plywood and veneers, as with American Beech, but is more likely to be used in the making of boats.